Indus Valley civilization settlements dating from the 3rd and 2nd millenia BC have been found at Lothal on the Gulf of Khambhat.
The Gurjaras ruled in the 8th and 9th centuries AD, followed by Muslim rule until the end of the 13th century. The Moguls and the Marathas from the mod 18th century and the British took control in 1818.
The state of Gujarat was created on May 1st 1960. The first capital of Gujarat was Ahmedabad; the capital was moved to Gandhinagar in 1970.